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Fayyis Oromia:- Why Not the Union State Of Oromia as an Optimal Solution for the Majority at the Center?

Posted: Muddee/December 12, 2014 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com | Comments (50)

By Fayyis Oromia*

Ethiopia as Oromia 2014 2

In case we decide for the Union State of Oromia (U.S.O.) in the future, then through the Oromo national liberation struggle, we shall promote: 1. Afan Oromo to be the primary language of the Union; 2. the Cushitic black-red-white to be the flag of the Union; and 3. Oromia, instead of Ethiopia, to be the name of the Union. This is the ongoing slogan of some Oromo nationals in the current discourse we have listened and read. It is a known fact that the Oromo national liberation movement has got the objective of two alternative types of Oromian sovereignty, which we will foster after achieving freedom from the present Abyssinian system of domination. The objectives are the “Independent State of Oromia (I.S.O.)” as planned by the OLF and the “Union State of Ethiopia (U.S.E.) with self-rule of Oromia in it” as recently opted by the ODF. Even though this is the simplistic way of attributing the two objectives to these two organizations, respectively, we also do read in the mission statement of the OLF:

“The fundamental objective of the Oromo liberation movement is to exercise the Oromo people’s inalienable right to national self-determination to terminate a century of oppression and exploitation, and to form, where possible, a political union with other nations on the basis of equality, respect for mutual interests and the principle of voluntary associations. … OLF’s commitment to this objective is based on a democratic principle, that the Oromo people are endowed with the right to decide the type of sovereignty they want to live under and the type of political union they want to form with other peoples. … In fact, the OLF and the Oromo people are committed to the noble cause of laying a foundation for union of free peoples on the basis of their freely expressed will.”

As shown in the statement, even the OLF is committed to forge “a political union where possible.” The ODF already put in its program that it struggles for the “multi-national federation within Ethiopia.” The difference I do see between the two approaches is that the ODF gave the name Ethiopia to the union it will build and specified the type of union being multi-national federation, whereas the OLF kept the possible name of the union and the type of the union open for future decisions. Just looking at the last sentence of OLF’s mission statement, is it possible to consider that the ODF is an agent to fulfill the message in the sentence? If yes, then why should we be as such worried about the two different approaches to the same goal of freedom. For the ODF and the OLF to be explicitly on the same page, it is necessary that the OLF name the future possible union as Oromia and that the ODF change the name of the union it wants to foster from Ethiopia to Oromia.

Ob. Ibsaa Guutama put in one of his articles that it is already written in the original program of the OLF that the objective of its struggle is “….where possible to foster a political union with the other neighbouring nations.” This same expression is still in the mission statement of the Front. When we look at the statements of all Oromo organizations, there are two main principles in the Oromo national liberation struggle: (1) concerning the means of struggle: where possible nonviolent struggle – otherwise, armed struggle for freedom; (2) regarding the end of the struggle: where possible political union – otherwise, national independence after freedom. Based on this principle, the ODF chose nonviolent struggle and political union; the Jijjiirama combined armed struggle with political union; whereas the OLF opted for the armed struggle and national independence. But, as a nation, the Oromo should combine both armed struggle and nonviolent struggle to achieve our freedom. The question of independence vs. union will be answered per a referendum after freedom.

Based on the programs of the two lines of thought, a possible union with free neighbouring nations of Oromia is not excluded. The goal of exclusive Independent State is an appropriate solution for certain minority at the periphery – like the Tigrai nation, and an autonomous state within the Ethiopian union is usually optimal for the minority at the center – for example, the Gurage nation. Parallel to this, the Independent State of Oromia (I.S.O.) is the solution, which, by default, considers the Oromo nation as a minority at the periphery, whereas the Oromian autonomy within the Union State of Ethiopia (U.S.E.) puts the Oromo in the category of a minority at the center. These two solutions seem to be not optimal for the Oromo nation, which is the majority at the center of the current empire and the possible future union. Oromo’s condition as a colonized majority at the political center of the country is a unique situation – which needs a correspondingly unique solution. Finfinne being the brain and heart of the present empire as well as the future union, the lasting and proper solution for the Oromo can better be the “Union State of Oromia (U.S.O.).” What does this concept mean?

The Union State of Oromia (U.S.O.) is a modified Indian model of sovereignty: the Hindi people liberated all nations and nationalities in their region, and named the whole country as India, made Hindi the working language of the Indian federation and, of course, they divided the national area of Hindi into multiple federal regions. Why not we, the Oromo people, liberate the whole nations and nationalities in the Ethiopian empire, call the whole country the ‘Union State of Oromia’ and promote Afan Oromo to be the working language of the federation, with the historical local Odaa’s of Oromia (Odaa-Bisil, -Bultum, -Gaarres, -Makodi, -Nabee and -Roobaa) being the future separate federal regions of the country? I think it will be almost impractical to divide the currently nominally existing Oromia into such Odaa’s, but it is possible to have this Oromo national area as an autonomous “Oromo Regiona State” within the future U.S.O. That is why the concept U.S.O. is said to be a modified form of Indian model sovereignty.

This idea of U.S.O. is a synthesis of the two existing post-freedom sovereignty – that of the I.S.O. and U.S.E. Why is this synthesis necessary now? I think the aim I.S.O. has got a sort of international obstacle from most neighbouring nations as well as from the international community, and the objective U.S.E. is facing internal objection from Oromo nationalists. That is why our leaders are getting difficulty to openly sell the idea of I.S.O. to the diplomatic community so that they usually speak about self-determination or about freedom and democracy, instead of clearly telling that “we want to foster an I.S.O.” At the same time, the unionist Oromo nationalists are facing a problem in getting support from the Oromo, who have been told for the last 40 years that “Ethiopia is the system to be dismantled, thus we need to reject also the name Ethiopia.”

Accordingly, those with the agenda of U.S.E. are usually labelled by the pro-independence nationalists as “enemy of the Oromo struggle.” Can we change the name Ethiopia from U.S.E. and replace the independence goal in the I.S.O. by a union and just synthesize from the two goals the “Union State of Oromia”? In this synthesis, clearly Oromia will be in the U.N. in the form of inclusive union, instead of “exclusive independence.” Such combination of the two objectives into one synthesis can help us reduce the internal Oromo conflicts and the international concern about the fate of the region. Just as U.S.O. is the good synthesis of both the I.S.O. and U.S.E., the attempt of keeping the status quo – the Imperial State of Ethiopia (I.S.E.) – by the Abyssinian elites from both the Amhara and Tigrai nations, is the anti-thesis of the two.

In short, I.S.E. =====> U.S.E. vs I.S.O. ——-> U.S.O.

I once wrote an article showing the importance of naming, which is the main factor of identifying a certain nation: http://gadaa.com/oduu/20240/2013/06/15/the-wonderful-cushitic-oromia-naming-is-identifying/. Such naming of the future union as U.S.O. solves the conflict between the pro-independence forces and the pro-unity forces: we will have both the desired independence and the required unity, if the other nations accept this recommendation as a compromise solution. As far as the Oromo-proper is concerned, we renamed our nation to Oromo and our capital city from Addisaba to Finfinne without waiting for any permission or recognition from anyone else. So why not we rename the country from their Ethiopia to our Oromia? Anybody can call the country as either Abyssinia or Ethiopia, but the Oromo people should unanimously agree to call it from now on as Oromia. That country is neither the land of the mixed (Abyssinia) as the Portuguese called it nor the land of the burnt face (Ethiopia) as the Greeks named it, but it is the land of the brave (Oromia) as both the Oromo-proper and the Oromo-progeny (other Cushitic nations as offshots from the Oromo) call ourselves. Such Cushitic Oromia, in which freedom of citizens, liberty of nations, genuine democracy, justice and human rights are respected, will be our future common home, if the other nations in the empire voluntarily accept and endorse this suggestion.

If the the Oromo neighbours are not ready to accept U.S.O., they are the ones who should seek an aknowledgemnet from the Oromo or Oromia and ask a recognition from the international community to get their own independence. The Oromo national liberation struggle of both the ODF and the OLF lines need to focus on how to get state power in Finfinne by giving such offer of U.S.O. for the others to stay with us, if they want. This is a union of our own terms, which can benefit the Oromo and the others. It is a bit similar to the opinion of Ob. Baaroo Tumsaa, given 40 years ago, where he suggested: “we, the Oromo nationalists, must capture state power by any means necessary. In order to do this, we must clandestinely organize all sectors of our society. It is the responsibility of the young educated Oromo like you, to disseminate the spirit of Oromo nationalism when you return to your respective communities. We can only change the deplorable condition of our people by being tolerant to one another and reestablishing a necessary Oromo national unity. In this way, we can build a strong organization, capture state power and take actions that facilitate fundamental social transformation.”

I would like to suggest the implementation of the following five points during the taking of actions that will facilitate transformation: (1) freedom of citizens and nations in the union; (2) Afan Oromo as a primary language of the union; (3) democracy as the rule of the game in the union; (4) Oromia as the name of the union; and (5) black-red-white as the flag of the union. If all our neighbouring nations are interested in living with the Oromo in a common home (union), they have to take this offer seriously; otherwise, I think the birth of I.S.O. is inevitable and this surely will divide the present empire at least into four: North Ethiopia, Ogadenia, Oromia and South Ethiopia. As far as the Oromo is concerned, and putting it metaphorically, U.S.O. is the same as a gross salary, while I.S.O. is similar to the net salary of a certain professional. In case the other nations reject this offer from the Oromo and go their way to be our neighbour states, we will have our I.S.O. with its capital city Finfinne, just like Russia with its Moscow left behind as the other states of the Soviet Union decided for their independence as well as like Serbia and its Belgrade had the same fate during the disintegration of Yugoslavia.

In short, both the pro-union and the pro-independence Oromo nationalists can consider U.S.O. as common synthetic objective to be told boldly and clearly both internally to our people as well as internationally to others, so that we can unanimously struggle per nonviolent struggle and/or armed struggle to liberate our nation from the 130 years of subjugation. This approach of the Oromo as a majority at the center can have a lesser obstacle from the internal national friction and milder rejection from the international stakeholders of the Horn region. Is this synthesis helpful to promote the indispensable unity of purpose among the Oromo nationalists and the important alliance with the other anti-Woyane forces, so that we can have effective and efficient force against our main foe – the currently ruling regime of the Abyssinian empire? I hope this attempt of seeking a common focus for all Oromo liberation forces will be developed further by others with better ideas. The writer of this short opinion is ready to hear and read possible – both negative and positive – feedback. May Rabbi/Waaqa help us all in the empire/region to foster the common home as suggested here – the Union State of Oromia (U.S.O.)!

Galatooma!

* Fayyis Oromia: foromia@yahoo.com

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Comments ...

  1. Ramis Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 3:04 pm

    Just kidding or dreaming what is not realistic!!

  2. Waqjiraa Gudataa Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 4:24 pm

    Obbo Fayyis Oromia,
    Galatooma for your tirelessly searching an optimal solution to save the fast dying of Ethiopian empire. We are very happy to see you again on our media with your great input for our national struggle, thank you we love you so much!!,
    Your proposal for a possible for the “Union State of Oromia”[U.S.O.] is contrary to our fundamental objectives of struggle which means the Oromo struggle for freedom and liberty believes freedom for all oppressed nations and nationalities, but such move seems another impose on others again. Even if others accept such proposal on Indian model, for Oromos another trap at worst is that we are compromising on our Identity and nationhood like Hindus of today in great India. Thanks to Hindus impose on others, India is a very suffocated continent today sitting on a time of bomb to explode and already in a hidden of civil war.
    The Oromo nations’ national struggle is for a total liberation contrary to the Indian. The Oromo nation must avoid the Hindu mistake who brought India in misery and endless conflict, IS THAT WHAT THE OROMOS struggling for?. NO, thank you obbo Fayyis!.
    As our struggle for total freedom is the most fascinated mass movement ONLY in less than a century we achieved the unimagined results and the rest is only the formality whereby our Tokkummaa is moving for that historical appointment. As many commentators including Fayyis Oromia put it correctly, the Oromos must support each other to capture state power by any means necessary for the sake of stability and freedom of the Horn what la Figaro,the French conservative news paper described the Oromo Organizations “if you have scratch hard them enough at the end you must see the two letters-FO /Free Oromia/”. Strategical move by Democratic Ethiopia or Free Oromia does not matter as our priority is capturing the state power.
    Nagan

  3. Gross-Oromia Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 6:47 pm

    Waqjiraa,
    you wrote: “… but such move seems another impose on others again….” Where did you read such idea of imposing on others? Didn’t you repeatedly read that it is based on voluntary will of others for their own sake of “UNITY agenda”?

  4. The Oromian Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 6:50 pm

    An agonizing interesting proposal!! I hope it don’t boil the enzyme in the pituitary gland of the Abyssinians. Well, I also believe that it is a humiliating, as well as logical way to end a horrible empire and replace it with progressive, democratic and modern state that is friendly for all as it is based on the democratic principle of majority rule and minority right. It is also the best way to tell who need the unity of Ethiopia, rather than dictating others about what unity mean and how it can be achieved, the best and only way to do that is not their way but the way it is explained up there by Feyyis Oromia, if that is not the case, please f**k off, we need free independent Gadaa republic of Oromia.

    Dear Feyyis, I believe you are trying to talk to both the abyssinians and The Oromos at the same time using this article. You are saying, ‘Abyssinians please understand u messed up much, the Ethiopia you dream off don’t work. No body accepts you after you did so much crimes in the name of Ethiopia, you have cheated the world to achieve your egoistic purpose of dominating and exploiting other people in that empire. So, please, try to listen others, they have better ideas.
    I guess you are also trying to tell Oromos, if we Oromos don’t get most out of this unity of Ethiopia, we don’t really need it. If the demand in your article are not met, we Oromos have other option. We can compromise as a majority and dignified people, but if others don’t compromise, well, we have other option. The Gadaa republic of Oromia will be reality and the death of Ethiopia is for sure to happen in a worst way.

    Hmm, it is up to the abyssinians to make a death of an empire beautiful or ugly!! We Oromos has to work hard to bring The Gadaa republic of Oromia from the shadow of Ethiopian empire if abyssinians don’t understand what we want. I Like that!!

  5. safuu Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 8:32 pm

    Lencho Lata day-dreaming again for state power by all means.

    I support this one statement:

    “The question of independence vs. union will be answered per a referendum after freedom.”
    The rest is crap because you have no answer how to get freedom without the stick.

    Respect our fallen heroes and heroines!

    • Gutaa Damoso Reply

      December 13, 2014 at 1:13 am

      Obbo safuu

      Your problem is Lenco,not the oppressive Ethiopian government.create a party or do some other thing to liberate your deaf and blind brain from narrow village boys attitude.You are sick with region or religion or jealous of one great brain.It is beyond remote possibility for your group to govern us.The ultimate say is the voice of the people or the right of self determination.Neither OLF,nor ODf or nor Qc will decide what is best for oromo.The people are quite ahead of you and your districts boys.No other future chance can you can destroy as you have destroyed already one.

  6. Bilisummaa Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 9:22 pm

    If we get rid of the existing system of domination and get our FREEDOM, no problem that we can choose one of the possible following 5 models of sovereignty:

    – the Ethiopian model: just like the Abeshas did, we can make Afaan Oromo, black-red-white and Oromummaa the main component of Ethiopiawinet devoid of their system of domination and then live as Ethiopians in Oromo terms.

    – the Anglican model: the English people liberated themselves from the 700-years rule of the Roman empire, forged England as an autonomous region and united it with the neighboring others to form the British United Kingdom; they also made English the working language of the Kingdom. Can’t the Net Oromia, being autonomous and free from alien forces, be united with the neighboring autonomous regions to forge an Ethiopian union, similar to that of the British United Kingdom and promote Afan Oromo to the working language of the union?

    – the Russian model: the Russian elites dismantled the Soviet union and established the Russian federation, which uses the Russian national language, the federation which still does have an influence on its neighboring nations, because of its economic and military strength. Does this way of dismantling the Ethiopian empire and fostering the highly wished independent Gadaa republic of Oromia to have a further influence over the other liberated neighboring countries more advantageous than the other two types of sovereignty?

    – the Oromian model: it is possible to have Oromo national area as an autonomous “Oromo Regional State” within the future U.S.O. That is why the concept U.S.O. is said to be a modified form of Indian model sovereignty.

    – the Indian model: the Hindi people liberated all nations and nationalities in their region, and named the whole country as India, made Hindi the working language of the Indian federation and, of course, they divided the national area of Hindi into multiple federal regions. Why not we, the Oromo people, liberate the whole nations and nationalities in the Ethiopian empire, call the whole country ‘Oromia’ and promote Afan Oromo to the working language of the federation, with the historical local Odaa’s of Oromia (Odaa-Bisil, -Bultum, -Gaarres, -Makodi, -Nabee and -Roobaa) being the future separate federal regions of the country?

  7. Safeefattuu Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 9:52 pm

    Safuu,
    you commented: “….you have no answer how to get freedom ….”

    How about “… But, as a nation, the Oromo should combine both armed struggle and nonviolent struggle to achieve our freedom….”, which is written in the article?

    Why did you jump reading that statement?

  8. Cheap Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 10:58 pm

    Prattle! People are dying for independence but you are silly!

  9. abyssiniangirl4life Reply

    December 12, 2014 at 11:24 pm

    Awwwww, you guys are too cute! Love all the dramatic statements “boiling enzymes in the pituitary gland?!” LOL not sure what it means, but still pretty funny.

  10. Gaarii Reply

    December 13, 2014 at 12:23 am

    Namni kun alkanii fi guyyaa akkatamuma Empiyeera sana itti suphuu fi diigamsa irraa oolchan irrati cinqama.Yeroo hundaa yaada aldhaa fi walxaxaa ta`ee qopheesun nama sobuu yaala. Goowwaa kee barbaadadhu! ODFn salphanaan amma moo kanaan isan furuuf katee? Isaanoo Ammajjii dhufu kana booda maqan isaniiyu hin jiru.Boo`ii irmii kee baafadhu.

  11. Aboma Reply

    December 13, 2014 at 7:42 am

    This is the sanest and most practical proposal ever to come from the Oromo national liberation camp. No one, even the Abyssinians, disputes the fact that Oromos make up the majority in that country. It looks to me the country now called ‘Ethiopia’ should be named ‘Oromia’ just because of that numerical advantage alone. Besides, ‘Oromia’ – the regional state – is the largest federal state in the country, that means, almost 2/3rd of the country’s area is already called ‘Oromia’ (whether they like it or not). So, this is a matter of calling the other 1/3rd ‘Oromia’ to decrease the confusion.

    In old Oromo national liberation movement literature, Oromos were said to be in every “Kifle-Hager,” except Eritrea. With Eritrea gone, Oromos are indeed everywhere in the country — Yeju in Gondar; Raya in Tigray and Wollo; Wollo in Wollo; other Oromos in Metekel/Gojjam and so on. ‘Ethiopia’ is, in short, the homeland of Oromo; no reason why this homeland ought not be named ‘Oromia.’

  12. Bekele Reply

    December 13, 2014 at 6:02 pm

    Dear writter, I would like ask you some questions.

    First of all,
    Who is fool?
    Who is fox?
    Who is organized well?
    Who developed well, self confidence?
    Who has developed psychological makeup?

    Oromo or Amhara, Tigre and others?
    So how you dream about this?
    Accept the truth and plan, what you must do in the future, don’t confuse the Oromo people.
    you have nothing in your mind or in pocket, always you dream like the so called OLF’s leaders.

  13. Fayyis Reply

    December 13, 2014 at 7:46 pm

    Hi ALL,
    tnx for the feedback, be it negative or positve! Here are some reasons why that country should be renamed as Oromia:

    – the Tigrai elites reduced both Oromia and the Oromo almost to half, just as planned by their leader Meles Zenawi to change the majority Oromo to minority, so it is better to reclaim the whole country than accepting the presently less than half Oromia, which is determined by the anti-Oromo elites.

    – Oromo is Cush and Cush is Oromo, implying that the other Cushitic nations (including the Amhara and Tigrai nations, who denied their Cushitic base) in the country are the offshots or the progenies of the Oromo, so that they can be part and parcel of Oromia.

    – According to Dr. Fikire Tolessa, the whole country belongs to the Oromo and all the hitherto kings and leaders were Oromo, the Amhara being only soldiers of the governments.

    – the brain and heart of the whole country (Finfinne) is the very center of the Oromo nation, so that any country governed or ruled from that center can be called Oromia.

    – the Oromo is a single majority (60%) and the NET Oromia covers more than 60% of the whole country.

    – all economical, specially export, base of the whole country (coffee, gold, hide & skin, flower, caat…etc) are from Oromia proper (from net Oromia).

    – most of the Arbenyoch (heros), who did build and kept the country as it is now, are Oromo heros and most of the Athlets, who contributed for the fame of the country, are the Oromo.

    – Even the whole Gojjam and part of Gondar and Tigrai were Oromo and belongs to Oromia.

    – the original Cushitic language in Meroe was highly related to Afaan Oromo and the other Cushitic languages are branched from it.

    – Waaqeffannaa, the indigeneous religion of the Cushites, which was also Abraham’s own religion before the emergence of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, is still preserved among the Oromo people and it needs to be revived as unique religion of the country.

    – the holy TREE (as mentioned in the Bible), under which the pre-Judaism religious peoples on the earth sacrifised to their Waaqa, is still revered in the Oromo society.

    – the known verse in the Holy book “Oromia stretches his hand to Waaqa” is named as Cush by the Jew and as Ethiopia by Greeks.

    – Abraham Ashine of the Akkasuma, who was Cushite is said to be more with Oromo charachters and told to have Oromo fighters during his invasion of Asia.

    – the Oromo are told to be the indigeneous people on which the others are grafted.

    – the study of Egypt showed more Afaan Oromo charachter than Amharic in relation with old Egypt inscriptions.

    – the present country is built at cost of the Oromo, actually with life and limb of the Oromo people as well as with Oromo property.

    – ….. etc!

  14. Quotation Reply

    December 13, 2014 at 10:44 pm

    “… Just as their Addis is our Finfinne, their Ethiopia is our Oromia. Because of the fact that the name Ethiopia is contaminated by the meaning given from the Greeks (burnt-face, which is almost the same to the N-word used against blacks) and by the content given from the Abyssinians (making Ethiopia equivalent to Abyssinian empire’s system of domination, excluding as well as exploiting the Oromo and the other nations), this change of the name is mandatory, if we really want to live together. That is why I asked in the title of this opinion: why not you accept greater Oromia, rather than asking the Oromo to join you in loving immiye Ethiopia? Surprisingly, the Abyssinian elites who tried to exclude the Oromo from the Ethiopian identity are now doing everything under the sun in order to persuade us to accept this same identity….Simply put, I want to tell those who do have a similar attitude that the future of the empire will only be either to be transformed in to a genuine union/true federation as the ODF planned, the union which can be given the name “great Oromia” if you agree or you will just face the inevitable emergence of the “little Oromia” in a form of an independent republic as the OLF is trying to achieve. Both you, the Abyssinians, and we, the Oromians, know very well that Oromo region, being occupied by Abyssinia and kept within Gross Oromia, will not last as long as you want. That is why we need to come to our senses and try to find a solution, in which we all do have a win-win compromise. Manipulating histories and legends is not what we have to do now. Important is a future-oriented creative thinking, which can benefit all the nations in the empire….”

  15. bonaa Reply

    December 14, 2014 at 3:03 am

    Definitely I agree with you Fayyis.

  16. dame Reply

    December 14, 2014 at 10:19 am

    Namna galaanni nyaate hoomacha qabata jedha Oromon. Fayyis Oromia reminds be the once upon a time Wondimu Benti. TPLF did not come out winner by playing empty word puzzle or by pipe dream like you Fayyis. OFF ALL PEOPLE IN THIS PLANET YOUR REFERENCE IS FIKRU TOLASAA??. Abasha is not willing to accept you for what you are let alone assimilated by you. For that to happen you need Big stick not big mouth. How ever Oromo must realize or wake up and smell the good coffee. There is no such thing called oromia, at least for me. This is tplf and co.s creation to control the minds and souls of my people. I have never been ashamed off my oromoness until the era of tplf and the other Lf’s.

    • Abbaa Boora Reply

      December 15, 2014 at 1:23 am

      Quote of the day:

      “Abasha is not willing to accept you for what you are let alone assimilated by you.”
      You nailed it dame. I hope Fayiss (walfidaa=wandimmu bantii=lencho latta) will finally take note.

      But like him for his infinite imagination knows neither limit nor reason.

      I disagree on this one: “This (Oromia) is tplf and co.s creation to control the minds and souls of my people.”

      Although everyone shares your frustration that the promised “re-united” OLF is hibernating instead of showing anything sign of speedy liberation, oromia existed before tplf and will exist post tplf.

  17. tem Reply

    December 14, 2014 at 5:12 pm

    Why do not the writer be a little bit fair for all cushitic ppl to accept without imposition and think of the cushland instead of ORomia? After all Ethiopia-comes from ethipis which mean Kushland. So either Cushland/Ethiopia is more democratic than Oromia if you plan to stay in the union. Otherwise there will be resentment to the Oromo proper later. So plan properly now.
    Gutema

  18. Nerve Reply

    December 14, 2014 at 6:57 pm

    Dame,
    did the autor hit your Habesha nerve? How dare you say there is no Oromia? YES smell the coffee, your Imiye is in fact our Oromia! Leave it or live in!

  19. Voluntary Reply

    December 14, 2014 at 9:42 pm

    tem,
    where did you read a statement implying any imposition in the article? Didn’t the autor say “if the non-Oromos also want or voluntarily”?

  20. Dame Reply

    December 14, 2014 at 11:50 pm

    NERVE, I do understand that my commet touched your nerve. Yes there are many gullible individuals like you who believe or think that Oromo achieved sthing. While there is nothing to show for except dying like flies in mass. Qottiyyon keeti jennan gabareen dhugaa seete jedha Oromoon yommu mammaku. My people used to hire geberee or farm workers to farm our land, to motivate the geberee they tell them qotiyyo kee sirritti soori which means take good care of your oxen. However, the owner can fire the labaror at moments notice. BTw, the labarors are mostly immigirant Amharas, which i don’t consider them operessors, neither do my people. The relationship between tplf and so called Oromia is exactly the same as Oromo Farmers and the gebere i described above.in the name of liberating oromo, oromo has been and is beeing descimating. TO ME oromo gained nothing, nada, Zeeerooo. ONLY FULLS LIKE YOU BELIEVE OTHERWISE.

  21. Berki Teshome Reply

    December 15, 2014 at 8:36 am

    Gadaa will lose its dignity if it cannot avoid Fayyis Oromia from this site. Fayyis is either interrupts intentionally, or he is big nation shovinist or he is just crazy.

  22. More Reply

    December 15, 2014 at 11:28 pm

    “…Disregarding the different versions of our history and our biological origin, we can agree that our nationalism (Oromummaa) depends on the view we do have on our national (Oromo) interest. Those of us, who do support and serve this national interest, are the ones with genuine Oromummaa. So, Oromummaa is not only about biological origin, but more about psychological make-up. To that matter, we have seen a lot of biological Oromo individuals who do identify themselves with our foes. I personally think that beyond our origin and beyond the language we do speak, an Oromo with sound mind of Oromummaa is the one who identifies himself (or herself) with being Oromo, with Afaan Oromo, with our liberation cause and with the Oromo way of life, including Oromo culture. Do the so called Oromo-progeny have such mentality to be part and parcel of the Oromo? Do they accept and respect U.S.O as suggested here?…”

  23. Filannoo Reply

    December 20, 2014 at 4:19 am

    Regarding the conflict “Ethiopia vs Oromia”, there are 5 possible ways of solving it:
    1) all Oromo nationals agree on accepting Union State of Ethiopia
    2) all agree on trying to achieve Independent State of Oromia
    3) we trying to make a consensus on the Union State of Oromia
    4) just agree to go our way, be it Ethiopia or Oromia, and concentrate on the common denominator – Bilisummaa
    5) trying to win each other, as our enemy wish us to fight one another, forgetting the enemy!
    Which one is the practical solution? 1 & 2 are almost impossible; 3 is a new approach and we will see if it works; 4 is more pragmatic; 5 is good only for the enemy, but unfortunately we are implementing it!

  24. Galamso Reply

    December 23, 2014 at 3:11 pm

    Mr Feyyisa, in the first place I appreciate that you brought your thoughts on board. It is natural individuals deviate from accepted facts and norms. This is what I always observe from your discourses. Some facts you used (specially Dr Fikire’s)are fictitious about Oromo and cannot be used for such a decisive Oromo issue. By messing up the sociopolitical condition of the Oromo and the Abyssinia you are disseminating illusion and strategically misleading thoughts, it is amorphous. By doing so, you are trying to grab clouds at the stratosphere if not at exosphere.So, what is your next suggestion for UOS? Forming another Oromo political Organisation that fights for this? Asking Amharas and Tigreans to establish UOS? Do not jump from here to there.

  25. Result Reply

    December 23, 2014 at 10:31 pm

    Galamso,
    why should you limit the whole arguement to the quotation of Dr Fikre? Just to discredit the whole idea? Bro, the idea is spreading like a fire and you will just harvest the result!

  26. Falma Reply

    December 27, 2014 at 6:23 am

    8So simple this is exactly day dreaming of obboo Lencho Lata .We are not sharing the same culture, languages , geographical land scape,religion and economy. How came we will dreaming to solve all Ethiopian issues even though we are not one.

  27. dammakoo Reply

    January 13, 2015 at 10:56 pm

    Fayyis Oromiyaa, Namni hundumtuu akkakee kana utuu waan itti dhaga’ame lafa kaa’ee, irratti mariyatame waan tokko keessaa argamuu danda’a. Kanaaf jabaadhu. Ta’us ta’uu baatuus yaaluun barbaachisaadha. Waan gadheen ofii hamma hudduun dacha’ee gurra isaan ga’utti ganamaa hamma galgalaatti taa’anii, yaroo namni waan tokko gadi fidu yaada kennuu dhiisanii qeequuf morma gadi dhereffachuu qofadha.

    Warri kana keessa hinqabne na’ofkalchaa!!!

    gltm

  28. Fayyis Reply

    January 15, 2015 at 12:10 am

    Dammakoo fi warri kaan hundi keessanuu gltma! Karuma dandeenyuun yaada haa kennannu! Jabaadha!!

  29. T. Nagara Reply

    February 19, 2015 at 9:34 pm

    YES! To get back your legitimate national area claim more! “Do you want to protect what is yours? You got to take what isn’t even yours. Then you negotiate from a higher postion. They are celebrating victory in Mekele but we are crying about our land around Finfine. If we really want to protect the land around Finfine the best way to do it is by taking over Mekele and beyon. Not by confining ourselves in and around Finfine.”

  30. Aye Reply

    March 2, 2015 at 5:22 pm

    qiqiqiqi are you guys in a day dream? After crying for so long about how the Neftegna imposed their identity on you, now you want to play neftegna and impose your oromo identity on the 80 ethnic groups qiqiqiqi. Are you not struggling for SELF determination meaning oromos THEMSELVES should define who they are? How can you forget that? Don’t you think other ethnics also have the right to define themselves and SAY NO – we are not oromos?

    The funny part of all this is that you are doing this pure Neftegna practice while you have nothing in your hands. First free your village from the minority rule then come back. For the record – no non-oromo want to be oromo. Amharas, Tigres, Gurages, Sidamas, Wollaytas, Afars, Gambellas, Agews and the rest of more than 75 ethnic groups ARE NOT OROMOS. Oromo is only 1 out of 80 ok (1/80). Now thank me for giving you a 101 course about Ethiopian ethnic groups. We are 80 ok. Remember the number 80 next time before going to bed and dreaming this none-sense. LOL

  31. Oromian Reply

    March 3, 2015 at 12:46 pm

    Just take time and try to comprehend the difference between being Oromo and being Oromian, before such a cheap shot! The attempt of the author is actually a nice blending of Ethiopian Nationalism and Oromo Nationaism into Oromian Nationaism! It is already known how the Tigrean Nafxanya antagonizes the two nationalisms and exploites the conflict between the Ethiopianists and the Oromo nationalists in order to minimize any effective opposition gainst their rule. It is good to forge such common Oromian nationalism as a common identity of those in the future union, so that all citizens and nations can have Oromian common identity!

  32. Aye Reply

    March 3, 2015 at 9:28 pm

    @Oromian
    So if you want to blend Ethiopian Nationalism and Oromo Nationaism then how on earth you end up calling the blending as Oromian Nationaism completely removing the former? It is like saying lets unite apples and oranges and call it apples LOL. This is what you call compromise like give and take? No Ethiopian would accept this kind of BS and if there is any Ethiopian nationalism, I am sure it will never give it up to be exchanged by Oromian nationalism which is pretty much equal to Oromo nationalism. Stop this kind of unrealistic non-sense. As you don’t want to give up your identity so every Ethiopian also don’t want to give up his ethnic or Ethiopian identity. How is that difficult to see especially for people who have struggled a lot for recognition? We non-oromos are not Oromians or whatever you call it. We are NON-Oromos. Stop playing little neftegna.

    My suggestion is that every ethnic group and every awraja should define and identify itself as it wishes – a bottom up approach – not like we had a top down drawing of funny maps by the elites – completely disrespecting the actual people on the ground. The elite should stop playing God and every awraja in Ethiopia should be given a chance to identify itself as it likes including creating its killil or making killil with other awrajas etc. The bottom up entities can be based on anything – whether it is based on ethnicity or multicultural identity. No one should dictate them how they should identify. For example a gurage should be able to create its own killil based on gurage ethnic group. The same way the northern showa can also create its own killil on non-ethnic bases if the people wishes. And if for example the Agews don’t feel represented in Amhara killil then they should have the right to create their own killil. And Killils should not be seen static but dynamic which can be changed anytime through a referendum if there is a need. We need to have a dynamic grassroots system that can accommodate any future changes and can correct past mistakes. The top down way of doing by few elites need to end asap!

    • Oromian Reply

      March 4, 2015 at 1:00 pm

      Where did you read a sort of dictation? It is just an opinion, which you either can buy or reject! Being Oromian is acceptance of your Cushitic base, for Oromo = Cush! If to be called Oromian is hard for you to swallow, being citizen of Biyya-Kush (being a Cushite) can be the middle ground. Till then, as long as you stick to be called Ethiopian and also call us Ethiopian, we go on to call you Oromian, till the D-Day!

  33. Aye Reply

    March 4, 2015 at 2:23 pm

    @Oromian
    What the hell is Cushite et al? No ethiopian (excluding the elites) including oromo has ever heard such a thing called cushite and never identify with this term. Why should I be cushite which is absolute foreign thing to me? Ask your mother, father or elderly grand parents. They never heard this new hype and never in their lives identified themselves like this. So this cushite thing is pretty much foreign and has absolute nothing to do with the current inhabitants of Ethiopia. So why should I care about cushite and even identify with this foreign thing? People in Ethiopia identify themselves by their ethnic group or simply by their Ethiopian identity but never with this thing called cushite.

    And honestly the ancient kingdom of cush has nothing to do with the current Ethiopia. Cushites were nubians aka Sudanese not Ethiopians. And the language classifications like cushitic, semitic etc are just that – language groups and have nothing to do with historical kinship or identity. Just because some of ethiopian ethnics groups speak languages that are classified semitic doesn’t mean they share all the history of Jews and arabs and what not. We don’t have to be cushites or arabs or jews or whatever. We are Gurages, Tigres, Amahras, Oromos –> Africans. That is enough – no need to hung on dead history that has no link with us.

    • Oromian Reply

      March 4, 2015 at 3:57 pm

      If the word Cush (Jewish word) is foreign, how can Ethiopia (Greek’s word) be domestic? You fool, that is why, we suggest the indegineous name Oromia to you, and you will slowly swallow it! YES, Nubia (a short form of Nuuf-Biyya = Biyya-Keenya) is an old expression for Oromia in Cushitic (Oromian) ancient way of speaking! Didn’t you yet get that the ancient Meroitic (Cushitic) language is highly related to Afaan Oromo?

  34. Aye Reply

    March 4, 2015 at 7:13 pm

    @Oromian
    bro it is not about the word. Whether this word comes form that language or not. That is not the issue here. The issue is identity. No ethiopian ethnic group identified itself as cush never in history. As i said before ask your grand parents if you don’t believe me. And we have to stop the concept of unified identity. There is no such unified one identity in reality. What we have is DIVERSE identities and we have to learn to let people identify themselves as they wish. We can still have a democratic fair system while accepting our diverse identities. Let the oromo identify as oromo first, let the gurage and amahra identify as ethiopian first and let others identify as whatever is fit for them. The bases of our unity should not be because we have one identify – no on the contrary – because we agree to accept our diverse identities and stand for justice together. Anybody who want to impose his identity or his political views on others we shall all stand up and defend our freedom and democratic rights together. Just as the Americans shape their citizens to identify America as the land of freedom we also need to craft shape our children on a unifying concept of freedom, diversity, tolerance, equality, resistance of every kind of injustice. Lets build the land of justice for all whether we share the same ethnic identity or not. Lets build a political system not based on being cushitic or having this religion or that but on the bases of true equality and opportunity for all.

    • Oromian Reply

      March 5, 2015 at 1:25 pm

      then let’s not have that common identity Ethiopia also! Why you try to push this cursed name on us? No one is against diversity; that is why we also suggest diversity of naming the common country we live in; you can call your immiye Ethiopia and I will call it Oromia! Why should this be a headache for you?

  35. Guyas Reply

    March 4, 2015 at 7:27 pm

    Fayyis Oromiyaa yaada bal’aa nama mariisisuu dandahu qopheessuu keef silaa akka Oromootti galatatu si barbaachisa garuu hireen keenya galata osoo hin taane abaarsa nu barsiise. Ol yaaduu irra gadi yaaduutu nutti salphata. Kun ammoo akka abdii si hin murachiifne nan abdadha. yoo xiqqate waggaa 7 fi 8 irra jalqabee barruukee nan hordafa hubatnaa qabduu fi gochaa gootu waliin nama dhugumaan cichaa fi akka salphaatti hamlee kutattu miti jabaadhu. Irra guddaa namootaa qaamaa qalbiin hinaaffaan waan gutaman fakkatu. Yaadni nama tokkoo yoo isaanii liqimsamuu dide akka ofii itti yaadan isa sirrii lafa kaayanii mariif dhiyeessuun qarooma ture. garuu waanti mul’atu ofiin qaramanii bahuu osoo hin taane isa qarame doomsuuf isa fiigutu lakkoofsaan guddaa dha. ati jabaadhu. Namni hedduu yaada ati dhiyeessituuf dinqisiifatnaa akka qaban illee hubachuun gaarii dha. Jabaadhu qalamni kee haa mirgisu.

    • Fayyis Reply

      March 5, 2015 at 1:52 pm

      Guyas fi kaan hundi,
      gltma yaada keessaniif; hundi keenyuu karuma dandeenyeen haa jabaannu!

  36. Aye Reply

    March 6, 2015 at 12:11 am

    @Oromian
    No problem about that. I have no problem if you call Oromia, Finfine and Adama as long as you respect my right to call them Ethiopia, Addis Ababa and Nazreth respectively. Countries and cities have different names in different languages. For example Germans never call their country as Germany but Deutschland and the romanic languages like French call Germany as Allemagne. There you have it three names for the same country and no one has problems with it. But we love uniformity and everybody must call places as we want otherwise we see them as enemies. Diversity and tolerance in every respect is the way out, not uniformity. Live and let others live!

    • Oromian Reply

      March 6, 2015 at 1:40 pm

      AGREE! That was the core of the message here!

  37. Hanii Reply

    April 6, 2015 at 8:41 pm

    To user “Aye” you bring up a lot of great points of accepting others as they identify as themselves. Whether that be Oromo or Ethiopian. This is a discussion I struggle with here at my University in the United States. So many people who identify as ethiopians are blind to see why people identify as Oromo. I identify as Oromo and I know that people still have issues with my identification. How we identify ourselves is defined by the society and community that we grew up in. That is not something that should displeases anyone or starts a fight. We should all be knowledgeable about each others identities and accept that. I have many reasons why I don’t identify Ethiopian. For one I have never gotten and a sense of belonging from my Ethiopian majority. Most stare and make me feel uncomfortable for identifying as Oromo. I hope people who identify as Ethiopians don’t feel the same way. But if we are striving for unity why can’t we work together and come up with something that suits and embraces both sides of the spectrum as we own up to our faults and pride that can become unnecessarily extreme.

  38. Tarfa Reply

    June 21, 2015 at 12:02 am

    It is unfortunate that individuals such as Leenco have made a profitable career out of the history of the sagacious Oromo. The good thing is that the younger generation is not taking that destructive and visionless path. Watch Oromo Media Network for some insight. FYI, the world has changed greatly from the 19th century; it will soon change beyond recognition when Leenco and co. die off. Hello my Oromo folk, we need to grow out of a straightjacket mentality and learn to swim against the tide if need be. Our people are left in ignorance and exploited by Tplf and Al Amoudi because of leaders who are short-sighted and cry about being victimized at every turn, in the process missing every opportunity. I know Ob. Fayyis in this article is trying to be provocative; what he does not seem to understand is that such talk only results in distracting us from a more serious and urgent issue facing us. What I advise Ob. Fayyis and friends is this: read some more and confer with those who have a better grasp of how human communities are formed and keep the dream for later.
    Galatooma

  39. Tuffaa Munnaa Reply

    July 3, 2015 at 9:29 am

    That is reality , for the first control all oromiya! you belive or not, there is not dream, make your dreamy come true!!! there is not dream, that is reality not longer. But you have to BECARFUL to Ormia times Finifina for your comments , not for haveing use DUMN Words. Just any one Oromia haveing useing only comments……..

    Thanks Oromia!!!

  40. Tuffaa Munnaa Reply

    July 3, 2015 at 9:41 am

    July 4, 2015

    That is reality, for the first control all oromiya!!! you belive or not, there is not dream, make your Dream come true. Not only us are not or oromia!!!! That is reality not longer. You have to Becarful for your comments to Oromia times Finifina ! Not for haveing use DUMN words.

    Galatooma!!!

  41. Union Oromia Reply

    August 6, 2015 at 3:10 pm

    *A Union Oromia as Synthetic Optimal Solution for the Conflict Between an Independent Oromia of the OLF and a Union Ethiopia of the ODF!*

    In case we decide for a union Oromia in the future, then through our struggle, we shall promote: 1. Afan Oromo to the working language of the union; 2. the Cushitic Black-Red-White to the flag of the union; and 3. Oromia, instead of Ethiopia, to the name of the union. This is the ongoing slogan of some Oromo nationals in the current discourse we have listen and read. It is a known fact that the Oromo national liberation movement has got an objective of two alternative types of Oromian sovereignty, which we will foster after achieving freedom from the present Abyssinian system of domination. The objectives are an independent Oromia as planned by the OLF and a union Ethiopia with self-rule of Oromia as recently opted by the ODF. This is a simplistic way of attributing the two objectives to these two organizations, respectively, for we also do read in the mission statement of the OLF:

    “The fundamental objective of the Oromo liberation movement is to exercise the Oromo people’s inalienable right to national self-determination to terminate a century of oppression and exploitation, and to form, where possible, a political union with other nations on the basis of equality, respect for mutual interests and the principle of voluntary associations. … OLF’s commitment to this objective is based on a democratic principle, that the Oromo people are endowed with the right to decide the type of sovereignty they want to live under and the type of political union they want to form with other peoples. … In fact, the OLF and the Oromo people are committed to the noble cause of laying a foundation for union of free peoples on the basis of their freely expressed will.”

    As shown in the statement, even the OLF is committed to forge “a political union where possible.” The ODF already put in its program that it struggles for a “multi-national federation within Ethiopia.” The difference I do see between the two approaches is: the ODF gave the name Ethiopia to the union it will build and specified the type of union being multi-national federation, whereas the OLF kept the possible name of the union and the type of the union open for future decisions. Just looking at the last sentence of OLF’s mission statement, is it possible to consider that the ODF is an agent to accomplish the message in the sentence? If yes, then why should we be as such worried about the two different approaches to the same goal of freedom? For the ODF and the OLF to be explicitly on the same page, it is necessary that the OLF name the future possible union as Oromia and that the ODF change the name of the union it wants to foster from Ethiopia to Oromia.

    Ob. Ibsaa Guutama put in one of his articles that it is already written in the original program of the OLF that the objective of its struggle is “….where possible to foster a political union with the other neighbouring nations.” This same expression is still in the mission statement of the Front. When we look at the statements of all Oromo organizations, there are two main principles in the Oromo national liberation struggle: (1) concerning the means of struggle: where possible nonviolent struggle – otherwise, armed struggle for freedom; (2) regarding the end of the struggle: where possible political union – otherwise, national independence after freedom. Based on this principle, the ODF chose nonviolent struggle and political union; whereas the OLF opted for the armed struggle and national independence. But, as a nation, the Oromo should combine both armed struggle and nonviolent struggle to achieve our freedom. The question of independence vs. union will be answered per a referendum after freedom.

    According to the programs of the two lines of thought, a possible union with free neighbouring nations of Oromia is not excluded. The goal of exclusive independent State is an appropriate solution for certain minority at the periphery – like the Tigrai nation, and an autonomous state within the Ethiopian union is usually optimal for the minority at the center – for example, the Gurage nation. Parallel to this, an independent Oromia is the solution, which, by default, considers the Oromo nation as a minority at the periphery, whereas an Oromian autonomy within a union Ethiopia puts the Oromo in a category of minority at the center. These two solutions seem to be not optimal for the Oromo nation, which is the majority in the whole land of the current empire and in the possible future union. Oromo’s condition as a colonized majority at the political center of the country is a unique situation – which needs a correspondingly unique solution. Finfinne being the brain and heart of the present empire as well as that of the future union, the lasting and proper solution for the Oromo can better be a union Oromia. What does this concept mean?

    A union Oromia is a modified Indian model of sovereignty: the Hindi people liberated themselves together with all nations and nationalities in their region, and named the whole country as India, made Hindi the working language of the Indian federation and, of course, they divided the national area of Hindi into multiple federal regions. Why not we, the Oromo people,be liberated together with the whole nations and nationalities in the Ethiopian empire, call the whole country ‘Oromia’ and promote Afan Oromo to be the working language of the federation, with the historical local Odaa’s of Oromia (Odaa-Bisil, -Bultum, -Gaarres, -Makodi, -Nabee and -Roobaa) being the future separate federal regions of the country? I think it will be almost impossible to divide the currently nominally existing Oromo region into such Odaa’s, but it is possible to have this Oromo national area as an autonomous “Oromo Regional State” within the future union Oromia. That is why the concept Union Oromia is said to be a modified form of Indian model sovereignty.

    This idea of union Oromia is a synthesis of the two existing post-freedom sovereignty – that of the independent Oromia and union Ethiopia. Why is this synthesis necessary now? I think the aim independent Oromia has got a sort of international obstacle from most neighbouring nations as well as from the international community, and the objective union Ethiopia is facing internal objection from Oromo nationalists. That is why our leaders are getting difficulty to openly sell the idea of independent Oromia to the diplomatic community; so they usually speak about self-determination or about freedom and democracy, instead of clearly telling that “we want to foster an Independent Oromia.” At the same time, the unionist Oromo nationalists are facing a problem in getting support from the Oromo, who have been told for the last 40 years that “Ethiopia is the system to be dismantled, thus we need to reject also the name Ethiopia.”

    Accordingly, those with the agenda of union Ethiopia are usually labelled by the pro-independence nationalists as “enemy of the Oromo struggle.” Can we change the name Ethiopia from union Ethiopia and replace the independence goal in an independent Oromia by a union and just synthesize from these two goals a union Oromia? In this synthesis, clearly Oromia will be in the U.N. in the form of an inclusive union, instead of “exclusive independence.” Such combination of the two objectives into one synthesis can help us reduce the internal Oromo conflicts and the international concern about the fate of the region. Just as union Oromia is the good synthesis of both an independent Oromia and union Ethiopia, the attempt of keeping the status quo – the imperial Ethiopia – by the Abyssinian elites from both the Amhara and Tigrai nations, is the anti-thesis of the two.

    In short: Imperial Ethiopia =====> Union Ethiopia vs Independent Oromia ——-> Union Oromia

    I once wrote an article showing the importance of naming, which is the main factor of identifying certain nation: http://gadaa.com/oduu/20240/2013/06/15/the-wonderful-cushitic-oromia-naming-is-identifying/. Such naming of the future union as union Oromia solves the conflict between the pro-independence forces and the pro-unity forces: we will have both the desired independence and the required unity, if the other nations accept this recommendation as a compromise solution. As far as the Oromo-proper is concerned, we renamed our nation from “Galla” to Oromo and our capital city from Addisaba to Finfinne without waiting for any permission or recognition from anyone else. So why not we rename the country from their Ethiopia to our Oromia? Anybody can call the country as either Abyssinia or Ethiopia, but the Oromo people should unanimously agree to call it from now on as Oromia. That country is neither the land of the mixed (Abyssinia) as the Portuguese called it nor the land of the burnt face (Ethiopia) as the Greeks named it, but it is the land of the brave (Oromia) as both the Oromo-proper and the Oromo-progeny (other Cushitic nations as offshots from the Oromo) call ourselves. Such Cushitic Oromia, in which freedom of citizens, liberty of nations, genuine democracy, justice and human rights are respected, will be our future common home, if the other nations in the empire voluntarily accept and endorse this suggestion.

    If the the Oromo neighbours are not ready to accept union Oromia, they are the ones who should seek an aknowledgemnet from the Oromo or Oromia and ask a recognition from the international community to get their own independence. The Oromo national liberation struggle of both the ODF and the OLF lines need to focus on how to get state power in Finfinne by giving such offer of union Oromia for the others to stay with us, if they want. This is a union in our own terms, which can benefit the Oromo and the others. It is a bit similar to the opinion of Ob. Baaroo Tumsaa, given 40 years ago, where he suggested: “we, the Oromo nationalists, must capture state power by any means necessary. In order to do this, we must clandestinely organize all sectors of our society. It is the responsibility of the young educated Oromo like you, to disseminate the spirit of Oromo nationalism when you return to your respective communities. We can only change the deplorable condition of our people by being tolerant to one another and reestablishing a necessary Oromo national unity. In this way, we can build a strong organization, capture state power and take actions that facilitate fundamental social transformation.”

    I would like to suggest the implementation of the following five points in the phase of “taking actions that will facilitate transformation”: (1) freedom of citizens and nations in the union; (2) Afan Oromo as a working language of the union; (3) democracy as rule of game in the union; (4) Oromia as name of the union; and (5) the Cushitic Black-Red-White as the flag of the union. If all our neighbouring nations are interested in living with the Oromo in a common home (union), they have to take this offer seriously; otherwise, I think the birth of an independent Oromia is inevitable and this surely will divide the present empire at least into four: North Ethiopia, Ogadenia, Oromia and South Ethiopia. As far as the Oromo is concerned, and putting it metaphorically, a union Oromia is the same as a gross salary, while an independent Oromia is similar to the net salary of a certain professional. In case the other nations reject this offer from the Oromo and go their way to be our neighbour states, we will have our independent Oromia with its capital city Finfinne, just like Russia with its Moscow was left behind as the other states of the Soviet Union decided for their independence as well as like Serbia and its Belgrade had the same fate during the disintegration of Yugoslavia.

    In short, both the pro-union and the pro-independence Oromo nationalists can consider a union Oromia as common synthetic objective to be told boldly and clearly both internally to our people as well as internationally to others, so that we can unanimously struggle per nonviolent struggle and/or armed struggle to liberate our nation from the 130 years of subjugation. This approach of the Oromo as a majority in the whole country can have a lesser obstacle from the internal national friction and milder rejection from the international stakeholders of the Horn region. Is this synthesis helpful to promote the indispensable unity of purpose among the Oromo nationalists and the important alliance with the other anti-Woyane forces, so that we can have effective and efficient force against our main foe – the currently ruling regime of the Abyssinian empire? I hope this attempt of seeking a common focus for all Oromo liberation forces will be developed further by others with better ideas. The writer of this opinion is ready to hear and read possible – both negative and positive – feedback. May Waaqa help us all in the empire/region to foster the common home as suggested here – a union Oromia!

    Galatooma!

  42. naafi Reply

    September 21, 2015 at 9:48 am

    That’s reel this country is the land of kush

  43. Mitiku Tafase Reply

    October 11, 2015 at 8:37 am

    Maalif Oromiffaan hin barreeffamne?

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