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Analysis on rise of Gondarian Amhara ethnonationalist federalists and decline of Shewa-Amharanized unitarists

Posted: Amajjii/January 16, 2017 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com | Comments

In the following article, the writer gives an analysis on the rise of the Gondarian Amhara ethnonationalist federalists and the decline of the Shewa-Amharanized unitarists. The latter group grew into prominence during the late 19th-century when the Ankober-based Shewa-Amhara rulers expanded beyond their Menz-Tegulet borders to forcefully include the independent territories to the south and west of Menz-Tegulet, and to institute the forced assimilation of the occupied peoples into the Shewa-Amhara national orders, especially in urban centers (‘ketema’) founded by their armed settlers (‘Neftegna’) in the occupied territories. The Gondarian Amhara ethnonationalist federalists seem to have their historic resemblance to the 86-years of the Gondarian period under the Amhara-Oromo alliance, the period from 1769 to 1855 – which is customarily referred to as the “Zemene Mesafint” – a term popularized by Shewa-Amhara palace historians in an attempt to ridicule the Gondarian multinational and devolved power structure. The Gondarian period is remembered for its Amhara-Oromo alliance (at some point, the palace’s language had even become Afan Oromo); on the other hand, the Shewan imperialist period is known for instituting Oromo-phobia as the major aspect of its ideology, an extremist state-sponsored genocidal agenda which bases its origin on the thoughts of Abba-Bahrey, a 16th-century Shewan Amhara monk with a hateful outlook for the Oromo.

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Ethiopia: Ethnic nationalism and the Gondar protests

by Kalkidan Yibeltal | via Al Jazeera

An analysis on what the rising ethnic nationalism among the historically powerful Amhara means for the country’s future.

Amba Giorgis, Ethiopia – Etenesh* sits alone on a worn cow skin in her mud-walled home in Amba Giorgis, a small Ethiopian market town in the northerly Amhara region. Her husband, a merchant, was arrested early in November, due to his alleged participation in anti-government protests over the last few months.

“He was taken to a military camp,” says Etenesh, a mother of two who sells coffee to farmers from her shack. “I know that because he called me twice.”

She does not know when, or if, he will come back, but she does know that life without the family’s primary breadwinner is tough. “It’s just me now, trying to provide for my kids.”

Talk of arrests is prevalent in Amba Giorgis, which is part of the North Gondar district experiencing clashes between armed farmers and the military.

READ MORE (AlJazeera.com)

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OMN: Haala Yeroo Turtii Jawaar Mohammad Waliin

 

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Opdo sirna juneedi Meles miicantus hin qulqullofne,Amma illee Tigray tplf aangoo irra tursiusuuf fakkaatee basaasatuu jawar.

Ysa Oromoo waan Juwar M.jedhu kana dhaggeefadhaa kijibduu kana.

Shiraa kessaa jiraa

Jawaar qabsoo Oromoo akka Leencoo lataa 1991 oromootti tabatee jawaaris Oromootti tabachuu heedaa

Jiraadhuu, dhugaani nihadhoofitu qorissa wani tateefi, haa hadhufituu fudhaatani itiin fayuuni baribachisadhaa. Kanaafi yaa ilimaani Oromo qabisoo dhigaani asinii batee tanaa dubaatii hindebisinaa!!

Diinni hiriira "Down Down Wayyaanee" qindeessu argame jechuudha.

jawar komachuu dura of komadhuuu

eenyutu isa dura ta'a qeerro godhe kan isa muude? kanaaf yaalin ajjecha Yaazo iratti goosise laata? qeerro is bigger than omn, where you dislodged everybody and became the sole leader Jawar MohammedDammaqaa Nagaasaa

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Qeerroo Bilisummaa Oromoo, ABO's youth league, claims it's been organizing the massive peaceful rallies across Oromia in October 2017. From October 11 to 17, 2017, the group shared daily video clips of the rallies on its Facebook page. These clips had been compiled together for documentation purposes and can be watched here:- https://vimeo.com/238707297

The rallies have been peaceful (nonviolent); most of the rally-goers have been seen carrying the Oromo Liberation Front’s (OLF’s) flag of “red-green-red,” which, through time, has become a symbol of the Oromo nationalism in the resistance struggle against the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF aka Woyane), the party of ethnic Tigreans who have dominated the Ethiopian federal government since its formation in 1991. In their chants, the rally-goers have expressed their support for the OLF and denounced the TPLF/Woyane; in some instances, they have also expressed their support for the current administration, led by Mr. Lemma Megersa, of the Oromia National Regional State; Mr. Lemma Megersa’s administration uses pro-Oromummaa and pro-Ethiopianist nationalist rhetoric to garner support from all sectors of Oromian citizens, and beyond. In some of the clips, the participants have also called on the TPLF government to release all political prisoners, including Dr. Merera Gudina and Mr. Bekele Gerba, leaders of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC).

Known as “Qeerroo” for short, ABO’s youth wing, the National Youth Movement for Freedom and Democracy (NYMFD), announced its formation in April 2011. Among its demands are: (1) the end of military rule of TPLF in Oromia and other oppressed regions, such as Ogadenia and Sidama-land; (2) the unconditional and immediate release of all political prisoners; (3) the confiscation of all TPLF-owned conglomerates; (4) the immediate termination of the land-grabbing policy; (5) the removal of the TPLF-dominated government and its replacement by a Transitional Government of national liberation movements, and opposition and civic groups. Qeerroo calls the current movement “Fincila Xumura Gabrummaa (FXG),” meaning: Revolt to End National Slavery [of the Oromo Nation]. The youth group has regular radio transmissions in Afaan Oromoo and Amharic to Oromia/Ethiopia.

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ABO’s youth league, Qeerroo Bilisummaa, says it’s the organize...

 

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Oromoo Wayyaanaan OPIDIYO Harawa tolchaani karaa dhoksaatin maqaa qeerrootin Hirara waamani Alaabaa oromoo Harka kaayanii qabsoo karaa qabattee gufachiisuf deemani Oromoo Akka godinni Baalee itt damaqeett jaarasoolin yeeroo ammaa hirara hinbaanu jedhani qeerroon walii galani yeero amma waan biraa hojjachuu qabna jedhani murteefatanitt bakka maraayyu akkas godhu qabna

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